Acne is a common skin problem that occurs in many people, including men. Although often associated with adolescence, acne can appear at various stages of life. Factors such as hormonal changes, stress, and inappropriate skin care habits can trigger acne. Apart from that, external factors such as pollution and poor skin hygiene also play a role in worsening skin conditions. Acne not only affects physical appearance but can also reduce self-confidence and affect a person’s emotional well-being.


In this article, we will discuss various ways to prevent and treat acne in men using effective and natural approaches. Use of appropriate skin care products, lifestyle changes, and simple but effective household treatments will be the main focus. In addition, we will review several natural ingredients that can help reduce inflammation and prevent new acne. With the right information and practical steps, men can better manage their skin conditions and achieve clearer, healthier skin.

What constitutes acne and the factors behind its occurrence

Acne occurs when skin pores become blocked by sebum (the skin’s natural oil) and dead skin cells, causing the hair follicles to become swollen and inflamed. It usually appears as blackheads, pimples, cysts, or nodules on the face, neck, chest, back, and shoulders. There are several factors that can cause acne, including:

  •  Excess oil production: Overactive sebaceous glands can produce excess oil (sebum) which can clog pores.
  •  Dead skin cells: Accumulation of dead skin cells on the surface of the skin can clog pores.
  •  Bacteria: Propionibacterium acnes bacteria can multiply in blocked hair follicles, causing inflammation.
  •  Hormones: Hormonal fluctuations, especially androgens, can stimulate excessive sebum production.
  •  Genetics: Family history can also play a role in a person’s predisposition to acne.
  •  Lifestyle and habits: Diet, stress, hygiene, and use of inappropriate skin care products can affect skin condition.

Tips to Prevent Acne in Men

Preventing acne is much better than treating it. Here are some steps you can take to prevent acne:

1. Maintain facial cleanliness

Washing your face twice a day with a gentle cleanser is an important step in a man’s skin care routine. Gentle cleansers help remove excess oil, dirt, and dead skin cells that accumulate throughout the day. Excess oil and dirt that accumulates on the skin can clog pores, which can ultimately cause acne and other skin problems. By maintaining regular skin hygiene, you can prevent these problems from occurring and keep your skin healthy and fresh.

Avoid using harsh soaps because they can irritate the skin and make acne worse. Harsh soaps usually contain chemicals that can strip the skin of its natural moisture, leaving it dry and prone to irritation. Irritated skin can produce more oil in response, which can actually make acne problems worse. Choose a cleanser that is specially formulated for your skin type and that does not contain harsh ingredients so that your skin remains moisturized and looks healthy.

2. Use Non-Comedogenic Products

Choose skin care products that are labeled non-comedogenic, meaning they will not clog pores. Products with this label are specifically designed to avoid clogging pores, which can cause acne and other skin problems. When the skin is protected from blockages, air circulation remains smooth, and the skin can breathe well. This is very important, especially for those with sensitive or acne-prone skin. Using non-comedogenic products helps maintain healthy skin and prevents unwanted skin problems.

Non-comedogenic products include moisturizers, sunscreens, and hair care products. A non-comedogenic moisturizer will provide the hydration your skin needs without the risk of clogging your pores. Non-comedogenic sunscreen protects skin from harmful UV rays without adding stress to pores. In addition, non-comedogenic hair care products prevent chemicals and oils from the hair from entering the facial skin and causing acne around the hairline. By choosing the right products, you can keep your skin healthy and free from problems.

3. Avoid touching your face

Our hands touch various surfaces throughout the day, such as door handles, keyboards, cell phones, and money. Each surface can become a gathering place for various types of bacteria and germs. Without realizing it, our hands often carry bacteria from one place to another. The habit of touching your face with dirty hands is one of the main factors in spreading bacteria to more sensitive skin areas.

Touching your face with dirty hands can transfer bacteria to the skin, which can cause various skin problems such as acne. Bacteria that stick to the face can clog pores, irritate the skin, and trigger inflammation. Therefore, maintaining hand hygiene by washing your hands regularly and avoiding excessive touching of your face is very important to maintain healthy skin and prevent the appearance of acne and other skin problems.

Tips for Treating Acne in Men

If acne has appeared, there are various steps you can take to treat and reduce its severity:

1. Using the Right Acne Medication

Products containing benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, or sulfur can be very effective in treating mild to moderate acne. These active ingredients work in different but complementary ways to treat acne problems. Benzoyl peroxide, for example, is known for its ability to kill acne-causing bacteria, especially Propionibacterium acnes. Salicylic acid, on the other hand, helps clear clogged pores by exfoliating the top layer of skin and preventing the formation of blackheads. Meanwhile, sulfur is known to have antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties which can reduce inflammation and redness on the skin.

Apart from killing bacteria, these products also help reduce excess oil production in the skin, which is one of the main causes of acne. Benzoyl peroxide is able to penetrate the skin layers and reduce sebum production, while salicylic acid works to control oil and accelerate the turnover of dead skin cells, so the skin looks cleaner and fresher. Sulfur, with its ability to dry out excess oil, also contributes to maintaining the skin’s natural oil balance. With proper and regular use, products containing these ingredients can provide effective solutions for treating acne and improving overall skin health.

2. Avoid squeezing acne

Squeezing or popping pimples can worsen inflammation and cause scars that are difficult to remove. This action often causes bacteria to spread more widely on the surface of the skin, thereby worsening acne conditions and triggering additional infections. Scars resulting from the habit of squeezing pimples can be black spots, red spots, or even permanent scar tissue that disrupts the appearance of the skin. Therefore, it is very important to avoid this habit in order to maintain healthy and beautiful skin.

It’s best to let acne heal on its own or use products that help speed up healing. Treatment products that contain active ingredients such as salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, or retinoids can help reduce inflammation and speed up the acne healing process without leaving scars. Apart from that, maintaining facial cleanliness and regular proper skin care are also very important to prevent the appearance of new acne. With the right approach, skin can recover more quickly and stay healthy without the risk of annoying scars.

3. Maintain skin moisture

Dry skin can stimulate excess oil production as compensation. This condition occurs because skin that lacks moisture will try to balance itself by producing more oil. As a result, skin can become oilier, causing clogged pores and the risk of acne and other skin problems. Therefore, maintaining the skin’s moisture balance is very important to prevent excessive dry skin and uncontrolled oil production.

Using a light, non-comedogenic moisturizer can help maintain skin moisture without clogging pores. The lightweight moisturizer provides ample hydration without leaving skin feeling heavy or sticky, while its non-comedogenic properties ensure pores stay clean and free from blockages. By regularly using appropriate products, the skin will remain well hydrated, excess oil production can be minimized, and the risk of acne or blackheads appearing can be reduced. Proper skin care will help keep skin healthy, balanced and problem-free.

Acne is a common skin problem in men and can be caused by various factors, including hormones, lifestyle habits and genetics. Hormones, especially testosterone, can increase oil production in the skin, leading to clogged pores and the formation of acne. Apart from that, living habits such as lack of facial hygiene, consumption of oily foods, and stress also play a role in the appearance of acne. Genetics also has a significant influence, where men who have a family history of acne problems tend to be more susceptible to experiencing it. Understanding these factors is the first step to preventing and treating acne effectively.

Preventing and treating acne requires a comprehensive approach, starting from maintaining facial cleanliness, using the right products, to maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle. Cleansing your face regularly with a cleanser suitable for men’s skin types can help reduce excess oil and dirt that clogs pores. In addition, using skin care products that contain ingredients such as salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide can help treat.

Adopting a diet rich in fruit and vegetables, as well as avoiding fatty and sugary foods, is also important in maintaining healthy skin. Using natural treatments such as honey or aloe vera masks can be an effective alternative to relieve acne. However, if acne is severe or does not respond to home treatments, consulting a dermatologist is wise. With proper and consistent treatment, acne can be controlled and healthy skin can be regained.